History

Original Crew Members Sources:

‘Royal Naval Biography; Or, Memoirs of the Services of All the Flag-officers, Superannuated Rear-admirals, Retired-captains, Post-captains, and Commanders, Whose Names Appeared on the Admiralty List of Sea Officers at the Commencement of the Present Year, Or who Have Since Been Promoted; Illustrated by a Series of Historical and Explanatory Notes’ by John Marshall. Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1825

‘Naval Biography; Or, Memoirs Of The Services Of All The Flag-officers, Superannuated Rear-admirals, Retired Captains, Post Captains,  And Commanders... ...From The Commencement Of The Late Reign, In 1760, To The Present Period. With Copious Addenda.’
By John Marshall (B), Lieutenant in the Royal Navy. Vol III - Part II. London: Printed for Longman, Rees Orme, Brown and Green, Paternoster Row. 1832.

‘A Naval Biographical Dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's Navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. Compiled from authentic and family documents.’
By William E. O'Byrne, Esq.  London: John Murray, Albemarle Street, publisher to the Admiralty. 1849.

‘British Warships in the Age of Sail 1817-1863' Design, Construction, Careers & Fates. by Rif Winfield

‘The Navy List corrected to the end of Dec. 1814' Published by John Murray, bookseller to the Admiralty & Board of Longitude, No. 50 Albemarle Street. pg 48
 

List compiled by Albert Roberts, updated 3/14

HMS Acasta plans

HMS Acasta
Builder: John Randall & Co,, Rotherhithe
Launched: 14 March 1797
Class and type: Acasta-class fifth-rate frigate
Tons burthen: 112722⁄94 (bm)
Length: 154 ft (46.9 m)
Beam: 40 ft 9.5 in (12.4 m)
Depth of hold: 14 ft 3 in (4.3 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 320
Armament: 40 guns

Nominal Guns:    40
Nationality:    Great Britain
Operator:    The Royal Navy
Ordered:    1795/04/30
Keel Laid Down:    1795/09
Launched:    1797/03/14
How acquired:    Built by Contract
Shipyard:    Rotherhithe
Designed by:    William Rule
Constructor:    Richard Wells
Category:    Fifth Rate
Ship Type:    Frigate
Broken Up:    1821/01/01

Dimension                           Measurement    Type                        Metric Equivalent
Length of Gundeck            154' 0"                Imperial Feet         46.9392
Length of Keel                    128' 11"              Imperial Feet         39.2938
Breadth                                40' 6"                 Imperial Feet         12.3444
Depth in Hold                      14' 3"                 Imperial Feet         4.3434
Burthen                                1,127 22⁄94          Tons BM

Armament
1797/04        Broadside Weight = 443 Imperial Pound ( 200.9005 kg)
Upper Gun Deck    30    British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck             4    British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck             8    British 9-Pounder
Forecastle                  2    British 9-Pounder
Forecastle                  4    British 32-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement
1797/04    320 men


Source: British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817    Rif Winfield

1797
Capt. Richard LANE, 02/1797. Jamaica. In October 1798 she and TRENT were cruising off Porto Cavello. Capt. LANE died suddenly aboard his ship off Jamaica in the spring of 1799.

1798
(1 May) captured the Spanish privateer St. Mary, 4 guns, 28 men, on the Jamaica station.

12 May captured the Spanish privateer St. Antonia (pierced for 14 guns), on the Jamaica station.

May 1798 the Acasta and Ceres captured the French privateer St. Mary de Louvaine on the Jamaica station,.

May 1798 captured the French privateer Hirondelle on the Jamaica station.

May 1798 captured the French privateer 2 vessels, Name unknown on the Jamaica station.

Between Jun 1798 and Feb 1799 burnt the French privateer Name unknown on the Jamaica station.

Jun captured the French privateer Actif on the Jamaica station.

30 Jun captured the French privateer Trompe in the West Indies.

2 Jul burnt the Spanish privateer St Josef de Victoire (pierced for 16 guns), 8 guns, 50 men six leagues to windward of St Juan.

13 Jul 1798 captured the Spanish privateer St Michael Acandoa, 6 guns, 28 men on the Jamaica station.

Between Jun 1798 and 10 Feb 1799 captured the Spanish privateer Cincinnatus, armed schooner, 2 guns, 32 men, on the Jamaica station.

20 Oct 1798, with the Trent, cruizing of Porto Cavello.

1799
(1 Jan) on the Jamaica Station.

1800
Capt. Edward FELLOWES, 05/1799, Jamaica.

He made a number of captures: the Spanish JUNO (8) laden with cocoa and indigo; an armed polacre with brandy and wine and a French schooner with a cargo of coffee.

Two French rowboats, two Spanish doggers and a 16-gun xebec were also taken along with a number of unarmed merchantmen with various cargoes.

The French privateer VICTOIRE, of 10 guns and 60 men was destroyed under the batteries of Aguader.

ACASTA returned home in September 1801 escorting a trade convoy and Capt. FELLOWES continued to command her until the following spring.

1802
Capt. James Athol WOOD was appointed to her on his return from Madagascar where his ship, GARLAND, had been wrecked. She arrived in Portsmouth from the Mediterranean on 8 July 1802.

ACASTA sailed for the Mediterranean on 8 November with dispatches relative to the Treaty of Amiens before returning to be re-commissioned by Capt. WOOD. She then moved to Guernsey on 7 March 1803 until the renewal of hostilities when she joined Ad. CORNWALLIS off Ushant watching the French in Brest with the inshore squadron.

1803
2 October, Capt. WOOD captured the French privateer AVANTURE from Bordeaux, of 20 guns and 144 men after a chase of 48 hours in mid-Atlantic. He also re-took her two prizes, the ROYAL EDWARD and the ST. MARY'S PLANTER, from the Jamaica convoy.

The privateer had been about to take possession of the JANE, another vessel from the convoy, before going after a fourth.

About this time Capt. WOOD took advantage of a cruise along the north coast of Spain to examine and report on the many small ports and inlets there.

He also suggested that, in the event of war with Spain, the peninsular of Santona midway between Bilbao and Santander should be occupied as a Gibraltar of the north.

HMS Acasta and HMS Magicienne at the Battle of San Domingo

 1804 
Towards the end of the year, ACASTA escorted a valuable fleet to the West Indies.
When he arrived at Jamaica Capt. WOOD was ordered by Sir John DUCKWORTH to remove to HERCULE, then at sea, while ACASTA under a new captain returned to England with the Vice Admiral.

No remonstrations would make Sir John change his mind and Capt. WOOD was forced to return home as a passenger in his own ship.

The Board of Admiralty immediately issued a regulation forbidding any Admiral using his authority in such a way and restored Capt. WOOD to his command. (He was not able to take up the appointment.)

1805
Portsmouth

Circa 23 Dec 1805 the squadron under V.-adm Duckworth, having lifted the blockade of Cadiz, was between Madeira / Canary isles, where it was reported a French Squadron had molested one and chased another convoy. The French squadron was sighted on 25 Dec and chased, but after 30 hours was discontinued and the squadron sailed for the West Indies.

 1806
12 Jan 1806 anchored in Carlisle bay, Barbadoes. Acasta sent to St.-Christopher, or St.-Kitts, to expedite the preparations for watering the squadron.

21 Jan 1806 Northumberland and Atlas joined the squadron under V.-adm Duckworth. 1 Feb Kingfisher joined with intelligence that a French squadron had been seen steering for Santo-Domingo. 3rd was joined by the Epervier off Saint-Thomas. 5th Magicienne joined confirming the intelligence. 6 Feb a French Squadron was sighted leaving Santo-Domingo. the action of Santo-Domingo Roads commenced ; 2 French ships (Impérial and Diomède) run ashore and 3 (Alexandre, Jupiter, Brave) taken ; the wash-up ; the casualties ; more wash-up.

6 February, a squadron of 7 ships under the command of Vice Ad. DUCKWORTH attacked a French squadron off San Domingo.

ACASTA, MAGICIENNE, KINGFISHER and EPERVIER were to windward of the line-of-battle ships. Two of the enemy were driven ashore and burnt and three were captured. One, the BRAVE, after surrendering to DONEGAL, was taken possession of by ACASTA and taken to Jamaica.

1807
Capt. P. BEAVER, Channel. In December he brought home a convoy from the Leeward Is.

1808
Ditto, Leeward Is.

1809
Rear Ad. Sir Alexander COCHRANE put Capt. BEAVER in command of landing the troops on shore at Bay Robert in Martinique for the attack on that island.

Lieutenant-general Beckwith, the commander of the forces, was in ACASTA with him. They sailed from Carlisle Bay, Barbados on 28 January and at dawn on the 31st. the transports carrying the army were 12 miles to windward of Carvel rock so ACASTA bore up with them for Bay Robert with ETHALION, FORRESTER, EURYDICE, RINGDOVE, HAUGHTY and ECLAIR.

The weather was very windy and squally with a considerable swell so Capt. BEAVER determined to enter the Cul de Sac with all his warships rather than anchor off Loup Garou. After placing boats with flags at the edge of the shoals ACASTA led PENELOPE and the transports in and anchored them all by noon.

Before sunset 4,500 men with a proportion of artillery and horses had been landed and all the reserve were ashore before 7 o'clock the next morning.

The enemy finally asked for a truce on 24 February after one of the magazines in the fort blew up after a prolonged bombardment from all sides.

In April Rear Ad. COCHRANE blockaded a French squadron of three sail of the line and two frigates which had taken shelter in the Iles des Saintes near Guadeloupe. ACASTA, with Capt. BEAVER as commodore of the division, sailed from Fort Royal Bay, Martinique, on 12 April with two or three thousand troops to capture the islands. Capt. BEAVER, leaving Capt. CARTHEW of GLOIRE in command, went on ahead to meet the Rear Admiral and together they examined the enemy positions.
At 10 o'clock on the morning of the 14th. the ships collected after a bad night and ACASTA led GLOIRE, NACISSUS, CIRCE and INTREPID into the narrow channel and they anchored opposite the little bay, Bois Joly.

To save the boats a long row against wind and current the landing was made in the bay instead of Anse Vanovre as planned and they disembarked on a stony beach protected by the fire of the frigates.
There was no opposition apart from guns in the Islet of Cabrit which fired over the ridge. After three days of hard fighting the forts were reduced and the French troops taken prisoner. This included taking a position 800 feet up on Mount Russel. The French ships pushed out to sea on the 14th.

1811
under repair at Plymouth. Capt. Alexander Robert KERR, 04/1811.

Plymouth Jun 10 1811 Arrived from Portsmouth.

Plymouth Dock Sep 6 1811 Arrived the American brig Catherine, prize to the Acasta, taken on the 29th August, after a chase of five hours, within three miles of Corsica, laden with wines, &c.

Plymouth Oct 25 1811 Arrived the American ship Trojan, Fitch, from Baltimore, detained off Bordeaux for breach of the blockade by the Armide and Acasta.

Plymouth Nov 9 1811 Came in from Basque Roads.

Portsmouth Dec 6 1811 Arrived from Plymouth

Portsmouth Dec 30 1811 Sailed with convoy for Torbay and the East Indies.

1812
Coast of America. The brig FEDERAL bound to Boston from Prince's Island was taken on 17 September 1812 and he retook the schooner BLONDE, which had been on passage from Martinique to Newfoundland, on 17 October.

On 3 November ACASTA, MAIDSTONE, AEOLUS and CHILDERS captured the privateer schooner SNAPPER of 10 guns and 90 men cruising out of Philadelphia.